WHY IS VENTILATION IMPORTANT?
A 2016 New York State
Department of Health review of the chemicals used in nail
salons noted that “nail specialty work entails the use of many different
products containing potentially dozens of different chemical ingredients that
can change over time.”
The report also noted that about 30 chemicals or chemical
categories appear to be commonly used in nail products, including: toluene,
formaldehyde, dibutyl phthalate, methyl ethyl ketone, ethyl acetate, butyl
acetate, acetone, acetonitrile, ethyl methacrylate, isopropyl acetate,
methacrylic acid, methyl methacrylate (banned in many states), and quaternary
ammonium compounds in disinfectants.
The New York State report found that,
in the event of substantial exposure, many of the common chemicals used in nail
products are associated with similar short-term effects such as:
of the skin, eyes, and respiratory system
Potential health effects from long-term
kidney and liver disease
effects on the reproductive, developmental, and nervous systems
The risk of experiencing these health
effects depends on a variety of factors, including the nature of the exposure
and individual susceptibility. Employees and customers may be exposed to
chemicals by inhaling vapors or dust, through vapor contact with eyes and
mucous membranes, or via direct skin contact with the nail products.
VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS – CURRENT
Mechanical Code (IMC)
Federal OSHA Requirement that all US nail salons must provide a
work environment that is free from
sensory irritation. 46 states currently follow these codes; 4 follow International
It’s important to check with your state boards to get updated code
information regarding ventilation as guidelines and timetables vary from
state-to-state. Some codes are currently just applying to new construction or
openings, however some include all nail salons.
For example, in New York, all nail salons are being required to
make the necessary changes to meet the newest codes, as early as 2020. These include:
- Each manicure & pedicure station must have
a source capture system.
- The inlets must be within 12" from the
application area and must be capable of extracting air at 50 CFM (cubic
feet per minute).
- The exhaust from the source capture system
must be vented outside.
- Source capture systems must operate
continuously during occupancy.
POSSIBLE NEW LEGISLATION
In April, U.S. Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Ca, and Nevada
Democratic Senator Catherine Cortez Masto introduced The Environmental Justice
Right to Know Act for discussion.
“If passed, their bill would direct the National
Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to research ventilation in beauty
salons and determine a healthy level of ventilation for workers. The
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences would be required to report
to Congress on the long-term negative health effects of chemicals in beauty
products. And the bill would require product manufacturers to provide safety
information in multiple languages on their websites.” (ANNIE SCIACCA, The Mercury News, May 3, 2018)
ABOUT VENTILATION OPTIONS
When connected to an external HVAC system, toxins and odors
are vented outside of the building. Select vendors are now offering
ventilation to their pedicure chairs and manicure tables for the external HVAC.
Some vendors are providing options with manicure/pedicure
carbon filters built into the chairs and tables.
CONTACT FOR MORE INFORMATION!
We are a woman owned business with over 30 years of combined
experience in the spa and salon industry.
We focus on keeping a healthy work-life balance to ensure that we can
focus 100% on our customers!